As per American Psychiatrist Association, depression is a serious medical illness which can severely harm how a person feels, think and act. The World Health Organisation (WHO) has estimated that almost 264 Million people have depression across the whole world. The depression is widely prevalent from 3% in Japan to almost 17% in the United State of America (USA). While in the UK 19.7% of people showed depressive symptoms in the year 2013. As per one of the posts of The Rising Nepal, almost 900,000 people are living with depression in Nepal. It is seen that the number of people with depression in Nepal has been increased after the devastating earthquake in the year 2015. The same post of The Rising Nepal illustrates that the social insecurity, gender inequality, fear of natural disaster and disturbing social harmony are the major reasons which have increased the cases of depression in Nepal.
Symptoms of Depression
There are several symptoms of depressions. Some of them are listed below
Psychological effect of depression
The depression or depressive disorder can cause several psychological effects on human being. Some of them are listed below –
- Mood disorder with feeling sadness and emptiness frequently or continuously
- Lose pleasure in doing activities which you used to enjoy doing in the past
- Sleep disorder (Very little sleep or too more sleep)
- Physical agitation
- Lack of energy
- Feeling guilty
- Feeling worthlessness
- Lack of decision-making abilities
- Trouble to concentrate
- Suicidal thoughts
The person having depression may get the thoughts of attempting suicide because of their thoughts and feelings so they need more care.
Physical effect of depression
Some of the physical effect of depression are –
- Losing or gaining body weight
- Chronic pain in muscles and joints
- Heart diseases including coronary artery disease and heart failure
- Chronic inflammation and other autoimmune disorders including arthritis, Type II diabetes, and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).
- Problems in sexual health such as lack of orgasms, decrement in libido.
- Several gastrointestinal problems such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea or constipation
Social effects of depression
People having depression have some social effects. These effects impact the person’s ability to function in the social world. Some social effects of depression includes –
- Substance abuse
- Bad performance at school and work
- Family withdrawl
- Withdrawl from friends circle
- Relationship issues